church by the Romans, the Jews fled from Israel and some of them reached Kerala. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. With the demolition of Jerusalem As mentioned earlier, history of Kerala can be traced back to 4000 B.C., when Proto Australoid and Negrito race inhabited the land. In Kerala, under the leadership of K. Kelappan, this law was defied and salt was produced. About the various peroids of Kerala history, kings and rulers of Kerala, arrival of Europeans, freedom struggle etc. Political History of Kerala Since its inception on 1 st Nov 1956, Kerala politics have been dominated by two coalition fronts. Following the Khilafat Movement was the Malabar mutiny (1921). This was by the consolidation of Malabar Provincial The oldest record about Kerala is found in one of the rock edict by emperor Asoka dating back to B.C. By and by, their influence increased to such an extend that they began running the administration with the rulers acting as puppets in their hands. The main rulers of this period were Cheraman With History of Kerala can be traced back to 4000 B.C., when Proto Australoid and Negrito race inhabited the land. Kerala division of Indian National Congress was launched. 270 B.C. This period also saw the emergence of a number of social reformation movements. rulers were those who took control of a small province rather than a large empire. The Communist Party of India (Marxist) – led Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the Indian National Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) since the late 1980’s. Owing to its favourable location this land fostered trade and established contacts with Egypt, Assyria, Greeks, Romans and the Chinese. This aroused nation It underwent restoration between 2010 and 2013, and currently functions as the Kerala Jews History Museum. province, which was a part of the Madras Presidency and the Travancore - Cochin state. There is limited information available about the ancient period of Kerala history. This was totally a social movement. With the breakdown of Chera empire the next phase of Kerala history began. In a mood of profound atonement, the sage heaved his mighty axes into the midst of the distant ocean. Kerala History. Three Sanghams are known to have existed during the period. Under the Kulashekhara dynasty (c. 800–1102), Malayalam emerged as a distinct language, and Hinduism became prominent. The history of Kerala goes back more than several millennia. British supremacy in Kerala started by the mid seventeenth century and lasted for the next 200 In 1524 Vasco da Gama was appointed the Portuguese Viceroy of Kerala. Though the main aim of their visit was trade African continent, they were unable to make a move in on. According to the Sangam classic Purananuru, the Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. In 1070 Kerala was liberated from Chola control. There are many myths and speculations about the The Pandyas retreated from Kerala occupation.Sthanu Ravi Varma, Bhaskara Ravi I, Bhaskara Ravi II were main rulers of this period. been recovered from near Calicut. The west coast of the state is on the Arabian Sea. The period ranging from the middle of 7th century to the early part of the 9th century is known as the Post - Sangham period. The movement lasted for quite some time before it was suppressed. Coming to the history of Kerala, some mythological stories says that Kerala was formed by Bhagwan Parashuram, who is the 6th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The Cholas often controlled Kerala during the 11th and 12th centuries. History of Kerala. Ancient Period refers to the time before the Christian era. In 644 A.D., Malikben Dinar reached Kerala and he constructed Mosques and propagated Islam. This was the period of the provincial rulers. Marthanda Varma (1706 - 1761),the ruler of Travancore, was one of the strongest rulers of the time. The next period in Kerala history is the period of rule of the Kulasekara Kings. As per the book Keralolpathy, the period up to 216 A.D. is known as 'Parasurama period' and the period 216 A.D. to 428 A.D. is known as age of 'Perumals'. The World Wars weakened the colonial powers and this gave a boost to the nationalist movements in the colonies. Between 1000 and 1019, Raja Raja Chola and Rajendra Chola attacked Stages of Historical Developments in Kerala, Source:IT Department, Government of Kerala, Information & Public Relations Department, This is the State Portal of Kerala designed and developed by. History of Kerala book. Following the Portuguese, the Dutch reached Kerala. Kochi and Kozhikode were the main provinces of the time. 4.9. As many pictures and media files as possible should be moved into appropriate subcategories. Thekkumbhagom Synagogue, Ernakulam: Thekkumbhagom means ‘on the south side’. 11 May. creation of Kerala and its early periods. Kerala has three clusters that have been given a Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Indian government, and all of them make what are widely known as kasavu saris, as well as the white Kerala saris that swap the kasavu border with a coloured iteration (called kara). that the Dravidians migrated to south India from the Mediterranean region. R. Leela Devi. What people are saying - Write a review. Introduction . We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. have Megalithic monuments like various kinds of burial stones and urns and some man-made underground chambers have also been found. Kulashekara Period ( Quilon Year begins ). Quilon city was reconstructed by Maruvan Sabareso. Against this, in 1924 started the Making use of the rivalry between the provincial rulers, they started by providing military assistance The concrete barricades, thorny iron fences and powerful water cannons have not … Four centuries between 1125 (the decline of the Perumals) and 1498 (arrival of Europeans in Kerala), Kozhikode flourished as a major seaport for trade. Came a moment when Parasurama was struck by remorse at the wanton annihilation he had wrought. Kollam prides in a rich socio-cultural history from ancient times. The Portuguese slowly began to loose control over to the Dutch. In 1725, the French established their base at Mahe. Perumal and Kulasekara Alwar. Kulasekara empire lasted for about 3 centuries beginning from 800 AD. “Kerala was formed by merging the princely state of Cochin, the kingdom of Travancore and the Kingdom of the Zamorin of Calicut” “It's one of the most advanced states in India in the fields of education, transportation, communication and health care delivery” Going by the legend, Kerala was reclaimed from the waters. As mentioned earlier, history of Kerala can be traced back to 4000 B.C., when Proto Australoid and Negrito race inhabited the land. The lower castes were denied permission to use the temple roads. Heppalus, a Roman-Greek sailor reached Musiris (Kodungalloore) in A.D. 45 and this enabled direct trade with Roman empire. fought a number of battles against the Portuguese. Their arrival marked the beginning of another phase of European domination. ).In these inscriptions, Ashoka refers to four independent kingdoms that lay to the south of his empire. 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